May-October: construction of the building on the terrace bordering the Seine to house the orange trees from the Tuileries Gardens which have until then been moved to the Louvre palace during the winter
Construction of its architectural twin, the Jeu de Paume building, on the terrace bordering the rue de Rivoli
The Prince Imperial, only son of the Emperor Napoleon III and the Empress Eugenie, poses at the Orangerie for the sculptor Carpeaux, who has set up his workshop there in order to produce the child’s portrait with Nero, one of the Emperor’s dogs.
At the fall of the Second Empire, the building is now owned by the State, which uses it for various events in the summer months when the orange trees are in the garden and the building is empty … the Orangerie will, however, retain its original function until 1922
Banquet for a thousand African troops during the “African Festival” of the Tuileries
The building is assigned to the Beaux Arts Administration (with its architectural twin - the Jeu de Paume) as an annex to the Musée du Luxembourg, the museum for living artists. It is to follow on chronologically from the works in the Louvre. However, at the suggestion of Georges Clemenceau, President of the Council, Claude Monet agrees to install the Nymphéas [Water Lilies] there, a series of paintings he has been working on for years, and which he has given to the State.
The contract is signed for the donation to the State, and Monet expands the project into something much bigger. He is also heavily involved with the building works following the plans drafted by architect Camille Lefèvre. Two oval rooms are created, preceded by an entrance hall.
December: death of Claude Monet.
On 16 May, the “Musée Claude Monet" is inaugurated by Georges Clémenceau in the eastern half of the building, the rooms are opened to the public on the following day, May 17. The museum is attached administratively to the Musée du Luxembourg, and the entire building forms the Musée National de l’Orangerie des Tuileries.
Reorganisation of four temporary exhibition galleries, covering 500 m2 in the western half of the Orangerie, where, from 1929 to 1959, events are held that will prove to be significant moments in the history of art.
- Paul Wayland Bartlett, sculptures
- The museum is transferred to the Louvre Department of Paintings, Drawings and Chalcography
- Centenary of the birth of Camille Pissarro
- Ernest Laurent: 1859-1929
- Exhibition of Seascape Painters
- Pastels by Maurice Quentin de La Tour (1704-1788) from the Musée de Saint-Quentin and the Musée du Louvre
- Oriental Antiquities: Excavated in Tello, Susa and Syria
- O.D.V. Guillonnet. First part of the decoration for the "Casa Amarilla", Headquarters of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Venezuela
- Works from the donation by Madame La Princesse Louis de Croÿ and Monsieur Louis Devillez
- Masterpieces from Regional Museums. 1st exhibition: French School of the 17th and 18th Centuries
- Claude Monet
- Degas: Portraitist and Sculptor
- Italians Drawings (14th, 15th and 16th centuries)
- Joseph Bernard (1866-1931) - A Retrospective
- The Art of Versailles and the New Acquisitions of the Musée Manet: 1832-1883
- Memories of the King of Rome. An Exhibition to mark the centenary of his death
- Purchases by the Musée du Louvre and Gifts from the Société des Amis du Louvre, 1922-1932
- Delacroix’s Trip to Morocco (1832) and a retrospective of the Orientalist painter, M. Auguste Chassériau (1819-1856)
- Pastels, Watercolours and Drawings by 19th Century French Landscape Artists, from the Louvre Department of Drawings
- Hubert Robert (1733- 1808)
- Daumier: Paintings, Watercolours, Drawings
- Chinese Bronzes from the Tcheou, Ts’in and Han Dynasties
- Realist Painters in France in the 18th century, a Turning Point in the History of French Art
- Centenary of La Fayette (1757-1834)
- A Tribute to Correggio (1489-1534)
- To the Glory of the Sailing Ship from 16th to 19th century
- Portraits and Figures of Women, Pastels and Drawings
- Masterpieces of Flemish Painting
- From Van Eyck to Brueghel: Paintings and Tapestries
- The Louvre Department of Drawings. Watercolour from 1400 to 1900
- Rubens and his Times
- The Arts of Ancient China
- Rembrandt, Drawings and Etchings: Edmond de Rothschild Collection
- Goya’s Paintings in the State Collections of France
- The Treasures of Rheims
- Exhibition of the Prix de Rome
- Bonaparte in Egypt
- French Colour Engraving in the 18th Century: Edmond de Rothschild Collection
- The Masterpieces of the Musée de Montpellier
- The French Revolution, Prints and Drawings: Edmond de Rothschild Collection
- Monet-Rodin Centenary. In support of the Artists’ Mutual Aid association “l’Entraide des artistes”
- First Exhibition of Contemporary French Art organised by “l’Entraide des artistes”
- Second Exhibition of Contemporary French Art organised by “l’Entraide des artistes”
- The Paul Jamot Donation
- Berthe Morisot (1841-1895)
- Vuillard (1868-1940) - Donations
Arno Breker, an event presented as the most prestigious of the Vichy regime (a German sculptor, former pupil of Maillol in the 1920s, who became the official sculptor of the Third Reich)
- Jacques-Emile Blanche (1861-1942)
- Lotteries Then and Now organised by the Secours National
- Saint Louis and his Era
- Modern Cartoons and Tapestries from the Manufactures Nationales
One of the Water Lilies rooms is hit by shrapnel during the fighting for the liberation of Paris.
The Orangerie and the Jeu de Paume Gallery, which now house the Louvre’s Impressionist collections, become one entity under the Louvre’s Department of Painting: the “Galeries Nationales du Jeu de Paume et de l’Orangerie”.
- Seven Belgian Painters
- Exhibition of artworks despoiled and found in Germany: Masterpieces from private French collections found in Germany by the French Commission for the Recovery of Artworks and the Allied Services
- Thirty Years of Czechoslovakian Painting and Sculpture
- Vincent Van Gogh
- The Golden Age of Painting in Toulouse
- The Flemish Primitives
- Rembrandt: Paintings, Etchings, Drawings
- Fiftieth Anniversary of the “Friends of the Louvre”: 1897-1947
- Turner (1775-1851)
- Jean Etienne Liotard (1702-1789) and Johann Heinrich Füssli (1741-1825)
- David, exhibition organised to mark the two hundredth anniversary of the artist’s birth
- Painting in Lyon from 16th to19th century
- Jongkind (1819-1891)
- Works of Art and Scientific Methods
- French Pastels from the National Collections and the Musée La Tour de Saint-Quentin
- Gauguin. Centenary Exhibition
- Eugène Carrière and Symbolism
- French Drawing from Fouquet to Cézanne
- From the Masters of Cologne to Albert Dürer. Primitives from the German School - Louis XV and Rococo
- Dutch Landscape Painting in the 17th Century.
- The History of France in the Chalcography Department of the Louvre
- French Impressionists and Romantics in German Museums
- Philippe de Champaigne
- Still Life from Antiquity to Today
-The Portrait in Flemish Art, from Memling to Van Dyck
- The English Landscape from Gainsborough to Turner
- Donations from D. David-Weill to French Museums
- Monticelli and Provencal Baroque
- Masterpieces from the Sao Paulo Museum of Art
- Venetian Masterpieces, from Paolo Veneziano to Tintoretto
- Masterpieces from the Edmond de Rothschild Collection in the Louvre (drawings and engravings)
- Homage to Cézanne
- Van Gogh and the Painters of Auvers-sur-Oise
- From David to Toulouse-Lautrec, Masterpieces from American Collections
- Masterpieces from the Museum of Cologne
- Impressionists from the Courtauld Collection in London
- The Enthusiast’s Cabinet. In Memory of M. A-S Henraux.
- From Giotto to Bellini, Italian Primitives in French National Museums - Impressionist Paintings
- Odilon Redon
- Incunabula on Wood and Metal from the Edmond de Rothschild Collection in the Louvre
- The Lehman Collection from New York
- The French Portrait from Watteau to David
- French Art and Europe in the 17th and 18th Centuries
- From Clouet to Matisse. French Drawings in American Collections
- Art in Champagne in the Middle Ages
Based on the designs of architect Olivier Lahalle, a programme of building works creates 1300 m2 of gallery space along the entire length of the building, above the Water Lilies, whose natural light is now obscured. These rooms are to house the Jean Walter and Paul Guillaume Collection, whose future is still uncertain, Domenica Walter having the usufruct of the collection. A grand staircase is made by the famous ironworker, Raymond Subes.
A temporary exhibition from January to September presents the Jean Walter and Paul Guillaume Collection to the public for the first time. It is opened on 21 January 1966 by the Minister of Culture, André Malraux, accompanied by Domenica Walter. Exhibitions follow in the newly-created rooms:
- The Pougny Donation
- In the Light of Vermeer
- Pierre Bonnard
- Twenty Years of Acquisitions at the Musée du Louvre
- Masterpieces from Swiss Collections, from Manet to Picasso
- Edouard Vuillard - Ker-Xavier Roussel
- Degas: Paintings, Pastels, Drawings, Sculptures
- Alberto Giacometti
- Flemish Art, from Ensor to Permeke
- Maurice Denis
- Six Masters of the Japanese Print in the 18th Century
- Max Ernst
- The Arts of Islam, from its Origins to 1700 in French Public Collections
- Venice in the 18th Century
- Vincent van Gogh
- Georges de La Tour
- African Sculptures in French Public Collections
- Georges Braque
- Juan Gris
- Cézanne in the French National Museums
- The Art of the 20th Century, Peggy Guggenheim Foundation in Venice
- Homage to Corot, Paintings and Drawings in French Collections
- Albert Marquet (1875-1947)
- Dunoyer de Segonzac
- Robert Delaunay (1885-1941)
- German Painting in the Romantic Era
Death of Domenica Walter, her collection of 146 paintings is exhibited at the Orangerie. As yet, only an area of 300m2 has been handed over for exhibitions: Henry Moore. Sculptures and Drawings and The Collections of Louis XIV: Drawings, Albums, and Manuscripts.
- The Pierre Lévy Donation
New programme of construction work to consolidate the building and refresh the rooms.
Installation of the Jean Walter and Paul Guillaume Collection in the renovated spaces and the exhibition The Grand Louvre. The Orangerie becomes a museum in its own right, no longer under the administrative supervision of the Louvre and Jeu de Paume, whose collections would go to the future Musée d’Orsay.
- Gian Domenico Tiepolo. Venetian Gallantries
- Francesco Zuniga
- The Phra Naraï, King of Siam and Louis XIV Exhibition
- The Fauves and Derain
- Dufy’s Designs for The Electricity Fairy
- Celebrations in the Tuileries Gardens
- Picasso’s Large Bathers
- Maurice Marinot, Painter and Glassmaker
- A Certain Derain (October 1991 – January 1992)
- The Water Lilies Before and After (October 1992 - January 1993).
The management of the Tuileries gardens is handed over to the Musée du Louvre, which re-establishes the link between the two museums.
- The Arts in Paris at the Paul Guillaume Gallery 1918-1935 (September 1993 – January 1994)
- The Water Lilies and Louis Cane
Temporary exhibition on Monet and the Water Lilies Cycle, held when the building has been completely emptied before its closure.
Complete renovation and extension of the lower part of the building by the Agence Olivier Brochet, Agence Brochet Lajus Pueyo and Michel Goutal, chief architect for Historic Monuments, with a view to hanging the Jean Walter and Paul Guillaume Collection there, without altering the installation of the Water Lilies. The upper floor is removed, re-establishing the natural light from above. The entrance hall to the Water Lilies is re-established in its original form. The building work is delayed and modified as archaeological excavations reveal vestiges of the ancient ramparts of the Tuileries Gardens: the “yellow ditches” from the 16th century. An exhibition area, educational facilities, an auditorium and a bookshop are also created.
17 May: reopening with a temporary exhibition evoking the now legendary Realist Painters exhibition of 1934, and its contribution to the history of art and to the subsequent seventy years of research it prompted on this subject.
- Kirili and the Water Lilies
- Didier Paquignon. First you will meet the Sirens
- Child Models, from Claude Renoir to Pierre Arditi
The museum is attached to the Musée d’Orsay within the Public Establishment of the Musée d’Orsay and Musée de l’Orangerie.
- Paul Klee (1879-1940). The Ernst Beyeler Collection (April - July)
- Heinrich Kühn (October 2010 - January 2011)
- Gino Severini, Futurist and Neo-Classicist (April - July)
- Spain between Two Centuries. From Zuolaga to Picasso (1890-1920) (October 2011 - January 2012)
- Debussy, Music and the Arts (February - June)
- Chaïm Soutine (1893 – 1943) Order out of Chaos (October 2012 - January 2013)
- The Macchiaoli, Italian Impressionists? (April - July)
- Frida Kahlo-Diego Rivera. Art in Fusion (October 2013 - January 2014)
- Archives of the Dream, Drawings from the Musée d’Orsay, Carte Blanche for Werner Spies (26 March - 30 June 2014)
- Emile Bernard (1868-1941) (17 September – 5 January 2015)
A café is to be opened in the summer of 2015 to enhance the visitor experience.
- Adolfo Wildt (1868-1931) (15 April–13 July)
- Who’s Afraid of Women Photographers (1839-1918). (14 October–25 January 2016)