Chronology

1852
May-October: construction of the building on the terrace bordering the Seine to house the orange trees from the Tuileries Gardens which have until then been moved to the Louvre palace during the winter
 
1862
Construction of its architectural twin, the Jeu de Paume building, on the terrace bordering the rue de Rivoli
 
1865
The Prince Imperial, only son of the Emperor Napoleon III and the Empress Eugenie, poses at the Orangerie for the sculptor Carpeaux, who has set up his workshop there in order to produce the child’s portrait with Nero, one of the Emperor’s dogs.
 
1870-1914
At the fall of the Second Empire, the building is now owned by the State, which uses it for various events in the summer months when the orange trees are in the garden and the building is empty … the Orangerie will, however, retain its original function until 1922
 
1916
Banquet for a thousand African troops during the “African Festival” of the Tuileries
 
1921
The building is assigned to the Beaux Arts Administration (with its architectural twin - the Jeu de Paume) as an annex to the Musée du Luxembourg, the museum for living artists. It is to follow on chronologically from the works in the Louvre. However, at the suggestion of Georges Clemenceau, President of the Council, Claude Monet agrees to install the Nymphéas [Water Lilies] there, a series of paintings he has been working on for years, and which he has given to the State.
 
1922
The contract is signed for the donation to the State, and Monet expands the project into something much bigger. He is also heavily involved with the building works following the plans drafted by architect Camille Lefèvre. Two oval rooms are created, preceded by an entrance hall.
 
1926
December: death of Claude Monet.
 
1927
On 16 May, the “Musée Claude Monet" is inaugurated by Georges Clémenceau in the eastern half of the building, the rooms are opened to the public on the following day, May 17. The museum is attached administratively to the Musée du Luxembourg, and the entire building forms the Musée National de l’Orangerie des Tuileries.
Reorganisation of four temporary exhibition galleries, covering 500 m2 in the western half of the Orangerie, where, from 1929 to 1959, events are held that will prove to be significant moments in the history of art.
 
1929
Temporary exhibition:
Paul Wayland Bartlett, sculptures
 
1930
Temporary exhibitions:
- The museum is transferred to the Louvre Department of Paintings, Drawings and Chalcography
- Centenary of the birth of Camille Pissarro
- Ernest Laurent: 1859-1929
- Exhibition of Seascape Painters
- Pastels by Maurice Quentin de La Tour (1704-1788) from the Musée de Saint-Quentin and the Musée du Louvre
- Oriental Antiquities: Excavated in Tello, Susa and Syria
- O.D.V. Guillonnet. First part of the decoration for the "Casa Amarilla", Headquarters of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Venezuela
- Works from the donation by Madame La Princesse Louis de Croÿ and Monsieur Louis Devillez
 

1931
Temporary exhibitions:
- Bourdelle
- Masterpieces from Regional Museums. 1st exhibition: French School of the 17th and 18th Centuries
- Claude Monet
- Degas: Portraitist and Sculptor
- Italians Drawings (14th, 15th and 16th centuries)

 
1932
Temporary exhibitions:
- Joseph Bernard (1866-1931) - A Retrospective
- The Art of Versailles and the New Acquisitions of the Musée Manet: 1832-1883
- Memories of the King of Rome. An Exhibition to mark the centenary of his death
- Purchases by the Musée du Louvre and Gifts from the Société des Amis du Louvre, 1922-1932

 
1933
Temporary exhibitions:
- Delacroix’s Trip to Morocco (1832) and a retrospective of the Orientalist painter, M. Auguste Chassériau (1819-1856)
- Renoir
- Pastels, Watercolours and Drawings by 19th Century French Landscape Artists, from the Louvre Department of Drawings
- Hubert Robert (1733- 1808)

 
1934
Temporary exhibitions:
- Daumier: Paintings, Watercolours, Drawings
- Chinese Bronzes from the Tcheou, Ts’in and Han Dynasties
- Realist Painters in France in the 18th century, a Turning Point in the History of French Art
- Centenary of La Fayette (1757-1834)
- A Tribute to Correggio (1489-1534)

 
1935
Temporary exhibitions:
- To the Glory of the Sailing Ship from 16th to 19th century
- Portraits and Figures of Women, Pastels and Drawings
- Masterpieces of Flemish Painting
- From Van Eyck to Brueghel: Paintings and Tapestries

 
1936
Temporary exhibitions:
- Corot
- Cézanne
- The Louvre Department of Drawings. Watercolour from 1400 to 1900
- Rubens and his Times

 
1937
Temporary exhibitions:
- Degas
- The Arts of Ancient China
- Rembrandt, Drawings and Etchings: Edmond de Rothschild Collection

 
1938
Temporary exhibitions:
- Goya's Paintings in the State Collections of France
- The Treasures of Rheims
- Exhibition of the Prix de Rome
- Bonaparte in Egypt
- French Colour Engraving in the 18th Century: Edmond de Rothschild Collection

 
1939
Temporary exhibitions:
- The Masterpieces of the Musée de Montpellier
- The French Revolution, Prints and Drawings: Edmond de Rothschild Collection


1940
Temporary exhibitions:
- Monet-Rodin Centenary. In support of the Artists’ Mutual Aid association "l’Entraide des artistes"
- First Exhibition of Contemporary French Art organised by "l’Entraide des artistes"
- Second Exhibition of Contemporary French Art organised by "l’Entraide des artistes"

 
1941
Temporary exhibitions:
- The Paul Jamot Donation
- Berthe Morisot (1841-1895)
- Vuillard (1868-1940) - Donations

 
1942
Temporary exhibition:
Arno Breker
 
1943
Temporary exhibitions:
- Jacques-Emile Blanche (1861-1942)
- Lotteries Then and Now organised by the Secours National
- Saint Louis and his Era
- Modern Cartoons and Tapestries from the Manufactures Nationales
 

1944
One of the Water Lilies rooms is hit by shrapnel during the fighting for the liberation of Paris.
 
1945
The Orangerie and the Jeu de Paume Gallery, which now house the Louvre's Impressionist collections, become one entity under the Louvre's Department of Painting: the "Galeries Nationales du Jeu de Paume et de l’Orangerie".
 
1946
Temporary exhibitions:
- Seven Belgian Painters
- Exhibition of artworks despoiled and found in Germany: Masterpieces from private French collections found in Germany by the French Commission for the Recovery of Artworks and the Allied Services
- Thirty Years of Czechoslovakian Painting and Sculpture

 
1947
Temporary exhibitions:
- Vincent Van Gogh
- The Golden Age of Painting in Toulouse
- The Flemish Primitives
- Rembrandt: Paintings, Etchings, Drawings
- Bonnard
- Fiftieth Anniversary of the "Friends of the Louvre": 1897-1947
 

1948
Temporary exhibitions:
- Turner (1775-1851)
- Jean Etienne Liotard (1702-1789) and Johann Heinrich Füssli (1741-1825)
- David, exhibition organised to mark the two hundredth anniversary of the artist’s birth
- Painting in Lyon from 16th to 19th century

 
1949
Temporary exhibitions:
- Jongkind (1819-1891)
- Works of Art and Scientific Methods
- French Pastels from the National Collections and the Musée La Tour de Saint-Quentin
- Gauguin. Centenary Exhibition
- Eugène Carrière and Symbolism

 
1950
Temporary exhibitions:
- French Drawing from Fouquet to Cézanne
- From the Masters of Cologne to Albert Dürer. Primitives from the German School                 
- Louis XV and Rococo
- Dutch Landscape Painting in the 17th Century

 
1951
Temporary exhibitions:
- The History of France in the Chalcography Department of the Louvre
- Toulouse-Lautrec
- French Impressionists and Romantics in German Museums

 
1952
Temporary exhibitions:
- Philippe de Champaigne
- Still Life from Antiquity to Today
-The Portrait in Flemish Art, from Memling to Van Dyck

 
1953
Temporary exhibitions:
- The English Landscape from Gainsborough to Turner
- Donations from D. David-Weill to French Museums
- Monticelli and Provencal Baroque
- Masterpieces from the Sao Paulo Museum of Art

 
1954
Temporary exhibitions:
- Venetian Masterpieces, from Paolo Veneziano to Tintoretto
- Masterpieces from the Edmond de Rothschild Collection in the Louvre (drawings and engravings)
- Homage to Cézanne
- Van Gogh and the Painters of Auvers-sur-Oise

 
1955
Temporary exhibitions:
- From David to Toulouse-Lautrec, Masterpieces from American Collections
- Masterpieces from the Museum of Cologne
- Impressionists from the Courtauld Collection in London

 
1956
Temporary exhibitions:
- The Enthusiast’s Cabinet. In Memory of M. A-S Henraux.
- From Giotto to Bellini, Italian Primitives in French National Museums                                            
- Impressionist Paintings
- Odilon Redon

 
1957
Temporary exhibitions:
- Incunabula on Wood and Metal from the Edmond de Rothschild Collection in the Louvre
- The Lehman Collection from New York
- The French Portrait from Watteau to David
 

1958
Temporary exhibitions:
- French Art and Europe in the 17th and 18th Centuries
- From Clouet to Matisse. French Drawings in American Collections

 
1959
Temporary exhibitions:
Art in Champagne in the Middle Ages
 
1960-1965
Based on the designs of architect Olivier Lahalle, a programme of building works creates 1300 m2 of gallery space along the entire length of the building, above the Water Lilies, whose natural light is now obscured. These rooms are to house the Jean Walter and Paul Guillaume Collection, whose future is still uncertain, Domenica Walter having the usufruct of the collection. A grand staircase is made by the famous ironworker, Raymond Subes.
 
1966
A temporary exhibition from January to September presents the Jean Walter and Paul Guillaume Collection to the public for the first time. It is opened on 21 January 1966 by the Minister of Culture, André Malraux, accompanied by Domenica Walter. Exhibitions follow in the newly-created rooms:
- The Pougny Donation
- In the Light of Vermeer

 
1967
Temporary exhibitions:
- Pierre Bonnard
- Twenty Years of Acquisitions at the Musée du Louvre
- Masterpieces from Swiss Collections, from Manet to Picasso

 
1968
Temporary exhibitions:
Edouard Vuillard - Ker-Xavier Roussel
 
1969
Temporary exhibitions:
- Mondrian
- Degas: Paintings, Pastels, Drawings, Sculptures
- Alberto Giacometti
(October 1969-January 1970)
 
1970
Temporary exhibitions:
- Flemish Art, from Ensor to Permeke
- Maurice Denis
- Goya
 

1971
Temporary exhibitions:
- Six Masters of the Japanese Print in the 18th Century
- Max Ernst
- The Arts of Islam, from its Origins to 1700 in French Public Collections
- Venice in the 18th Century
- Vincent van Gogh
(December 1971- April 1972)
 
1972

Temporary exhibitions:
- Georges de La Tour
- African Sculptures in French Public Collections
(November 1972- February 1973)
 
1973
Temporary exhibitions:
- Soutine
- Georges Braque
(October1973-January 1974)
 
1974
Temporary exhibitions:
- Juan Gris
- Cézanne in the French National Museums
- The Art of the 20th Century, Peggy Guggenheim Foundation in Venice
(November1974-March 1975)
 
1975
Temporary exhibitions:
- Homage to Corot, Paintings and Drawings in French Collections
- Albert Marquet (1875-1947)
(October 1975-January 1976)
 
1976
Temporary exhibitions:
- Dunoyer de Segonzac
- Robert Delaunay (1885-1941)
- German Painting in the Romantic Era
(October 1976-February 1977)
 
1977
Death of Domenica Walter, her collection of 146 paintings is exhibited at the Orangerie. As yet, only an area of 300m2 has been handed over for exhibitions:
- Henry Moore. Sculptures and Drawings
- The Collections of Louis XIV: Drawings, Albums, and Manuscripts
(October 1977-January 1978)
 
1978
Temporary exhibitions:
- The Pierre Lévy Donation
New programme of construction work to consolidate the building and refresh the rooms.
 
1984
Installation of the Jean Walter and Paul Guillaume Collection in the renovated spaces and the exhibition The Grand Louvre. The Orangerie becomes a museum in its own right, no longer under the administrative supervision of the Louvre and Jeu de Paume, whose collections would go to the future Musée d’Orsay.
 
1986
Temporary exhibitions:
- Gian Domenico Tiepolo. Venetian Gallantries
- Francesco Zuniga
- The Phra Naraï, King of Siam and Louis XIV Exhibition

 
1987
Temporary exhibitions:
- The Fauves and Derain
- Dufy’s Designs for The Electricity Fairy

 
1988
Temporary exhibitions:
- Celebrations in the Tuileries Gardens
- Picasso’s Large Bathers
(November 1988-March 1989)
 
1990
Temporary exhibitions
Maurice Marinot, Painter and Glassmaker
 
1991
Temporary exhibitions
A Certain Derain (October 1991-January 1992)
 
1992
Temporary exhibitions:
The Water Lilies Before and After (October 1992-January 1993)
The management of the Tuileries gardens is handed over to the Musée du Louvre, which re-establishes the link between the two museums.
 
1993
Temporary exhibition:
The Arts in Paris at the Paul Guillaume Gallery 1918-1935 (September 1993-January 1994)
 
1994
Temporary exhibition:
The Water Lilies and Louis Cane
 
1999
Temporary exhibition on Monet and the Water Lilies Cycle (May 1999-January 2000), held when the building has been completely emptied before its closure.
 
2000-2006
Complete renovation and extension of the lower part of the building by the Agence Olivier Brochet, Agence Brochet Lajus Pueyo and Michel Goutal, chief architect for Historic Monuments, with a view to hanging the Jean Walter and Paul Guillaume Collection there, without altering the installation of the Water Lilies. The upper floor is removed, re-establishing the natural light from above. The entrance hall to the Water Lilies is re-established in its original form. The building work is delayed and modified as archaeological excavations reveal vestiges of the ancient ramparts of the Tuileries Gardens: the "yellow ditches" from the 16th century. An exhibition area, educational facilities, an auditorium and a bookshop are also created.
 
2006
17 May: reopening with a temporary exhibition evoking the now legendary Realist Painters exhibition of 1934, and its contribution to the history of art and to the subsequent seventy years of research it prompted on this subject.
 
2007

Temporary exhibition:
Kirili and the Water Lilies (May-September)
 
2009
Temporary exhibitions:
- Didier Paquignon. First you will meet the Sirens (April-July)
- Child Models, from Claude Renoir to Pierre Arditi (November 2009-March 2010)
 
2010
The museum is attached to the Musée d’Orsay within the Public Establishment of the Musée d’Orsay and Musée de l’Orangerie.
Temporary exhibitions:
- Paul Klee (1879-1940). The Ernst Beyeler Collection (April-July)
- Heinrich Kühn (October 2010-January 2011)
 
2011
Temporary exhibitions:
- Gino Severini, Futurist and Neo-Classicist (April-July)
- Spain between Two Centuries. From Zuolaga to Picasso (1890-1920) (October 2011-January 2012)
 
2012

Temporary exhibitions:
- Debussy, Music and the Arts (February - June)
- Chaïm Soutine (1893-1943). Order out of Chaos (October 2012-January 2013)
 
2013

Temporary exhibitions:
- The Macchiaoli, Italian Impressionists? (April-July)
- Frida Kahlo-Diego Rivera. Art in Fusion (October 2013-January 2014)
 
2014
Temporary exhibitions:
- Archives of the Dream, Drawings from the Musée d’Orsay, Carte Blanche for Werner Spies (26 March-30 June 2014)
- Emile Bernard (1868-1941) (17 September-5 January 2015)
 
2015
A café is to be opened in the summer of 2015 to enhance the visitor experience.
Temporary exhibitions:
- Adolfo Wildt (1868-1931). The Last Symbolist (15 April-13 July)
- Who’s Afraid of Women Photographers (1839-1918). (14 October-25 January 2016)